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澳洲留学生社会学课程论文定制:性别与组织—Gender and Organisation

时间:2012-04-18 16:13来源:www.liuxulw.com 作者:留学生论文代写 点击:
澳洲留学生论文网专业提供澳洲留学生社会学论文定制,澳洲经济学论文定制论文服务。本文通过实例研究分析了性别与组织的微妙关系,以及人际关系理论问差异程度。
Gender and Organisation Introductory Activity How do you see yourself? 澳洲留学生社会学课程论文 List 5 attributes that you see in yourself. Find a partner and preferably of the opposite sex and ask them to list 5 attributes that apply to you without showing them your list. Do the same for them. How do the 4 lists differ? Show each other your lists are their different attributes for men women? Organisation Sem 2 Lec 6 – Gender and Organisation Background: Significant neglect of Gender to extent of being gender aware and suppressing differences in the foundational theories of organization especially classical management theory, human relations theory. Analysing management and organizations using through a ‘gender lens’ offers an alternative view to the mainstream Key journals: Gender, Work and Organization; Women in Management Competing Perspectives on Gender: Liberal Feminism Radical Feminism Diversity Gender in Management Gendering Management Gender and Critical Management ‘Problematizing’ management and organizations from a gendered perspective is just one way of taking a critical management approach Recognise that men constructed organizations and as a result the accepted norms in organizations are male Argue that men and women are different biologically and socially and, therefore, ‘experience’ management and organizational lives differently Recognise that ‘the way we do things around here’ is determined either consciously or subconsciously by men Some Questions we may wish to ask relating to gender and Organizations? What is expected of managers in contemporary Western organisations ? What should be expected and how does this relate to gender? To what extent has organization theory made room for gender? Is gender a profit or moral issue? In order to progress in organizations do women have to be better than men. Must women adopt male characteristics to succeed or is it men and organisations that need to change? Is gender a moral or a profit issue? Are women equal to or different from men? Liberal Feminism Women are as capable as men Social justice – the moral case for equality of opportunity Vertical segregation: Glass ceiling – invisible, implicit, attitudinal barrier preventing women reaching senior positions Horizontal segregation of opportunity in the workplace. A long agenda of equality of opportunity – positive discrimination – levelling the playing field Key writers include: Mary Wollstonecraft (1792) A vindication of the rights of women Contemporary: Marilyn Davidson, Rosabeth Moss Kanter Radical Feminism Women naturally superior to men (Griffin (1980) Daly (1984)) Importance of social emancipation Radical reversal of contemporary social structures Separatism Key writers: Mary Daly (1984) Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism, Marilyn French (1993) The Women’s Room, Susan Griffin (1980) Women and Nature: The Roaring inside her

Gender in Management Management relational Women and men are socialized differently and manage differently Male transactional versus female transformational leadership Transformational leadership most effective in current socioeconomic climate Globalization of gender Key writers: Beverly Alimo-Metcalf,, Judy Rosener Gendering Management Interaction of management and gender Foucauldian – gender identity produced by discourse Masculist organizational discourse sustains masculine managerial identity Successful managers (whether male or female) therefore masculine Problems of this emphasis on masculinity Key writers: David Collinson, Deborah Kerfoot, Stephen Whitehead, Linda Smirchich Diversity Important elements for us: Diversity including gender differences should be recognized in organizations Individualist focus Improve productivity through a widening of organizational access and participation Change workforce demographics to reflect customer base Put forward a strong business case. MOSAIC Key literature includes: Kandola R and Fullerton J (1998) Managing the MOSAIC: Diversity in Action CIPD Organization Theory and Gender Classical Management Theory Formality, rigidity, symmetry One best way Difference and diversity not just to be ignored but suppressed. Rationality, traditionally regarded as a male trait Human Relations Theory Both Mayo and Hawthorn conducted research in which women played a part but there is a conscious suppression of gender difference arising from intellectual commitment to abstract generalizations, disembodied reasoning and a Fruedian view of women despite their surface differences view women as men without penises (Linstead, 2000) Individual view as opposed to human, interpersonal and emotional relations. Male self denies relatedness as opposed to female self which defines itself in terms of relation to others. Later Management Theories More http://www.liuxuelw.com/aozhoulunwen/ focus on the relationship and view management as a process rather than a function. Still little discussion of the embodied experience of managing – how it feels and what it means and we need this to understand how and why it is practiced in different contexts. Summary Activity In group of 4-5, consider the questions on the activity sheet Nominate someone in your group to present your findings to the rest of the group. Ethical approaches summarised: Teleological (end justifies the means) Deontological (ethical process is essential)

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