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澳洲工业服务业发展水平

时间:2012-04-18 09:25来源:www.liuxulw.com 作者:留学生论文代写网 点击:
澳洲工业服务业发展水平An Analysis of the Developmental Level and Effects of Industrial Services
澳洲工业论文-澳洲工业服务业发展水平An Analysis of the Developmental Level and Effects of Industrial Services-With the development of economy-oriented service and service-oriented economy, the producer services, intermediate input as the essence, has also achieved rapid development. The development in producer service has made immediate contribution to the economic development, and more importantly has improved the efficiency and quality of the service objects, which further improves the overall efficiency and adaptability of national and regional economy, and therefore plays a very significant role in the development and reconstruction of modern economy. As a matter of fact, it is a research focus that attracts interests from researchers both at home and abroad. A new economic prospect has been formulated with the prosperity of service industry in developed countries and some of the developing countries.However, in the large volume of documents concerning producer service, inconsistence between its connotative definition and statistic definition is no rare phenomenon due to the arbitrary assortment of industry and the incompleteness of producer orientation. The arbitrariness results from the different enumeration methods adopted in assorting the industry: some of the service industries are included into producer services, ignoring the fact that each component of the service industry not only provides services for the intermediate needs but also for the terminal use as well.
Therefore, the development level and effects are always either overestimated or underestimated. The incompleteness of producer orientation means that the service objects are often industry-oriented (manufacturing-oriented), ignoring the production service in agriculture and service industry. Therefore, the industry attribute of the service object has been homogenized and the developmental impetus analysis of the producer services industry has been restricted. Based on the critical analysis of the problems existing in the previous researches concerning producer services industry, this paper, with“industry services”being the research object, has delved into its definition, metering measures, developmental level, status and function, which is not only of theoretical value by detailed and in-depth exploration of the research on producer services industry but also of practical significances in formulating modern industrial system that fits in the salient features of the developmental status of China.The research measure this paper applies is a combination of standardization, empirical study, quantitative as well as qualitative analysis. Through the qualitative analysis of second-hand resources, the“supposed”nature of the research object is found; through quantitative analysis, the“actual”nature of the research object is found.
The comparative analysis is also adopted in this paper; a comparison between the developmental status in our own nation and in that of some developed countries as well as some newly emerging countries is made.The major findings and conclusion of this paper are as follows:1. The historical and empirical investigation in terms of service and value creation is conducted as the logical prerequisite of the research on industry services. The primary findings are: first of all, the classical value scope is basically the axiology about products in kind due to the historical limitation, and service is either ignored or incompletely discussed, also, it is believed that service labor belongs to non-productive labor which produces no value; secondly, the question that which kind of labor produces value remains unanswered; thirdly, the definition of service is that is of contrast with products in kind, which is superficial. Therefore, the fundamental work this paper has done is to clarify that productive and unproductive labor, as well as invisible and invisible products can not serve as the criterion for value creation, and to redefine the classical value www.liuxuelw.com of service following the analysis framework of classical value theories concerning products in kind. Based on this, service is defined in this paper as the exchangeable labor product that adds value to another economic entity. Also, it is believed that the major difference between service products and products in kind, lies in the exchange features rather than in manufacturing or consuming.2.
This paper points out that the major problem in the previous researches on producer services is the inconsistency between its connotative definition and metering result due to the disaccord between the industry accumulation metering measure and its connotative definition. This paper sticks to two criteria in categorizing service industry and producer services industry: the first one is the consistency between extension and intention, aiming to achieve the consistency between connotative definition and metering results; the second one is to category from both economic usage and statistic scope, so as to satisfy the needs of research, and to avail existing statistical data. As far as metering measures are concerned, the“input-output econometric model”is adopted because it evidently outweighs“industry defining model”.3. When USA, UK, Japan and South Korea entered the economic advanced stage, the proportion of their industry service in GDP has decreased by 10% to 5% while the overall stability is maintained.

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