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领导者在组织中所扮演的角色

时间:2014-12-22 13:20:44来源: 作者:www.liuxuelw.com 点击:0
这篇文章主要介绍了经理作为一名领导者在组织中所扮演的角色。经理作为一名领导者需要根据组织的情况来做出不同的决定,同时还要应对和处理不同的情况和问题。

引言

当我们谈论项目经理的时候,我们关心的第一件事就是谁将要作为一艘船的队长来开始他们的旅程。因此,所有的一切都要依赖队长,队长需要明白他要如何领导船和队员才能使船在所有的情况下都顺利航行。因此,对于项目经理而言,领导是最重要的。但如果经理还必须管理在感知方面,编码的编码思想方面,文化方面和个人属性方面的多样性,那么这个领导角色无非是更困难的。现在,有许多研究项目,其目的都是为了调查项目经理的领导能力,大多数专家学者都把他们的想法总结为六个最重要的思想学派,即“特质,行为,可能性,远见,情感,智力以及具有竞争力的学校。”然而,在不同的情况下,这些想法是很难处理和解决的。同时,通过研究表明,领导者如何应对和处理不同项目团队的情况,这更多的是依赖于项目经理的个性,因为在这里,领导者不仅需要与知识竞争,同时还要对他喜欢或者不喜欢的员工有自己个人的看法。

引言---Introduction

When we talk about project manager, the very first thing comes to our mind is captain of a ship who is going to start his journey from the very beginning. So, its all depend on the captain that how he leads in order to sail it through all circumstances. Therefore, the leadership becomes the first essential thing for a project manager but this leading role could be more difficult if the manager has to manage the diversity in terms of perception, coding encoding of thoughts, culture, and personal attributes as well. There are many studies to investigate the project managers’ leadership competencies and most of them have concluded their thoughts in six foremost schools of thoughts i.e. “Trait, Behavior, Contingency, Visionary, Emotional, Intelligence, and Competency school.”(Geoghegan, Dulewicz, 2008 P.59). However, these thoughts are difficult to handle in diverse case and research shows that it is more dependent on the personality of a project manager that how he deal with the situation of diverse project team, because here he not only need to compete with knowledge, but with the personal perceptions and likes and dislikes of people as well.

The role of manager as a leader has a great importance that encourages the people and creates an effective working environment that helps the project team to cope up with the challenges in today’s diversified global economy. Project manager’s leadership roles and responsibilities toward a project team and stakeholders influence the project outcomes and performance. Proper project leadership is vital at all stages of project in order to ensure the success of project. Since of their influential place, we suggest that leaders grip the solution to winning diversity management in teams. It has been widely recognized that diverse project teams have been common in recent years. Diverse team combination is a particular difficulty for clients and project managers. Once they are established, diverse teams are supposed to do better than the teams having the members of the same country. If we talk in the context of project, diversity in team has been established to influence a broad range of vital team results. In global projects, diversity in teams can prompt the trade and giving out of different perceptions and ideas, which can develop team performance and boost work inspiration and contentment regarding to work.

Diverse work teams are source of variety in terms of quality and productivity as it not only gives new ways to do the things but also help in competing the domestic market of those diverse group people. Project managers competencies are not only the skills to make plans, in fact, in case of diverse team project managers first need to understand the mind set of their workers or at least one should have that much knowledge that can help him to formulate the tasks according to their thinking styles. A competent project manager has the ability to read the minds of their worker and this is only possible if he or she can encode well what the employees expect from him. In other words, he can solve the problem in better way and can communicate well to all the diverse group of employees. Most of the researches have focused more on the communication ability of the project manager, as it can satisfy them in better ways.

Its true that communication is the basic competency for the project manager in managing the project but this research is aiming to evaluate the competency of a project manager in managing the multi diverse team. Here most important thing is not only the managing the multi diverse team but also getting the good result for the project. If the employees are satisfied, it means that project manager is managing them well but does it guarantee that project performance as well. So here, the competency becomes the use of knowledge as well as experience.