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印度石油与天然气市场经济分析paper

时间:2015-09-27 19:56来源:www.liuxuelw.com 作者:留学生论文网 点击:
本人是一篇新西兰留学生的课程paper,主要是分析了印度石油与天然气市场经济!
Analyse The Oil And Gas Market Economics paper
印度石油与天然气市场经济分析paper

石油与天然气市场组成包括勘探,开发,生产,炼制,储存,运输和销售石油与天然气。在印度2009年市场形成763亿美元总收入,与2008年相比较减少了31.4%,其中在2008年增加了45.4%.观察其复合增长率(CAGR) 在2005-2009年了增加了10.3%。这项工作收入取决于全球石油价格,因此有一个明显的增加在2008年和随后的2009年之间.
The oil & gas market consists of the activities of exploration, development, production, refining, storage, transportation and marketing of oil & gas. The total revenues of $76.3 billion was generated in India market in 2009. The total revenue reduced by 31.4% in 2009 with respect to 2008, wherein it had increased by 45.4% in 2008. A compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.3% for the period spanning 2005-2009 was observed. The revenues for this industry segment is dependent on the global oil prices, thus there was a stark increase in 2008 and subsequent in 2009.
 
In terms of volume the market consumption increased with a CAGR of 4% during 2005-2009, to reach a total of 1.4 billion BOE in 2009. In 2009 the market volume increased by 2.3%. The performance of the market is forecast to accelerate, with an anticipated CAGR of 12.4% for the five year period 2009-2014, which is expected to drive the market to a value of $136.9 billion by the end of 2014.
 
One of the specific segments of the oil and gas industry is Oil Exploration and Allied Services. These companies provide exploration and well development services to the producers. They provide services in terms of testing, seismic analysis, data analysis etc. In India 16 companies are listed under this category.
 
There has been a steady rise in the total revenues with an annual CAGR of about 11.77%. The total revenue for the sixteen firms last year was Rs. 927 Crores ( an increase of 8.23% over last year).
 
The following graphs depicts the revenues of the industry has been increasing with almost in the similar fashion as that of GDP of India. The growth rate for the past four years are also showing similar trend.
 
Industry Structure and Performance(工业结构与性能)
 
The oil and gas market primarily comprises companies which are usually large and highly vertically integrated. They operate at large economies of scale and benefit from it. The initial investment is also very high due to the requirement of highly technical equipments and machinery and skilled labor for the operations. Thus, presence of such powerful incumbents and the capital intensive nature of the industry raise the entry barrier very high.
 
2008 experienced increased demand for specialist equipment and services as commodity prices went very high which pushed drilling companies to explore commodities deposits previously deemed too costly, boosting suppliers revenues. However in 2009 the commodity prices fall drastically, and the future of the prices varies with opinion.
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